Baroque

Still today landscape of Rome is predominantly characterized by the baroque epoch. By the 16th century, the Catholic Church had become immensely rich – one of the chief criticism of Protestant reformers. The display of grandeur and extravagance by the Papal court contrasted sharply with the poverty of the people, and wealthy Roman society was characterized by sumptuous luxury and a ceaseless round of entertainment. To make the Catholic faith more appealing than Protestantism, scores of churches were built, and monuments and fountains were erected to glorify the Holy See. The finest architects in the ornate, dramatic style of the Baroque were Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini.

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