Shortly after Pope Urban VIII succeeded Cardinal Maffeo Barberini as successor to Peter in 1623, he was responsible for the construction of his new family palace on the Quirinale hillside, appointing three of the most important architects of his time: Carlo Maderno, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini. The palace, which was inhabited mainly by his two nephews Taddeo and Francesco Barberini, was to become the symbol of the glittering Barberini pass in the following years. The highlight of the glorification of Pope Urban VIII is the large ceiling fresco by Pietro da Cortona, depicting the triumph of Divine Providence, executed between 1633 and 1639. In addition to the other important ceiling frescoes by Andrea Sacchi and Andrea Camassei, the family’s private collection, which mainly lists paintings from the 15th to 17th centuries, impresses us, including works by Raphael, Andrea del Sarto, Tintoretto, Titian, El Greco, Reni , Domenichino, Lanfranco, Bernini, Poussin, etc. The Palazzo Barberini was bought by the state in 1949 and today is the seat of the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica, together with the Palazzo Corsini.